New Recommendations for Section 508
Telecommunications and Electronic and Information Technology Advisory Committee (TEITAC)
Usability – Interoperability – Harmonization
This page provides a summary of the new Section 508 recommendations, with links to the original.
The summary below was taken directly from a handout distributed by Mike Paciello, co-chair of the Telecommunications and Electronic and Information Technology Advisory Committee (TEITAC), at a presentation about the Section 508 Refresh at the Boston-IA meeting on October 22, 2008.
This summary is divided into the following sections:
The handout was sponsored by:
Who: The Telecommunications and Electronic and Information Technology Advisory Committee (TEITAC): 41 members from industry, government, international, and disabilities advocacy groups.
Why: To make ICT products accessible to as wide a range of people with disabilities as possible.
When: July 2006 – April 2008
Requirements based on product characteristics rather than product types. How do we classify products that have so many features?
Section 508 v1: Hardware… Telecom… Software/OS… Web… Video/Multi-media… Self-contained, closed product… Portable Computer?
Proposed Performance Criteria
- Without Vision
- With Limited Vision
- With Color Deficits
- Without Hearing
- With Limited Hearing
- Without Speech
- With Limited Reach, Manipulation
- Without Physical Contact
- With Cognitive, Language, or Learning Limitations
- Hardware with touch, speech output / throughput
- Electronic content
- Audio-video content, player, display
- Closed functionality
- Real-time voice
- Text size
Harmonization – Can we create standards that are harmonized with international & industry standards?
Testability – Can we create standards that are precise and unambiguous enough to easily determine if products meet the requirements, but open enough so that the provisions do not stifle innovation?
Interoperability – Can we promote interoperability between AT and IT?
Cognitive Disabilities – How do we meet their needs?
Usability of the Standards and Guidelines – How can we make technical requirements clear?
Subpart B: Functional Performance Criteria
Functional Performance Criteria (FPC) refer to different disability categories and the necessity of providing access to the functionality of products. The FPC have been modified from the previous version to include a note on the role of assistive technology in meeting the FPC.
Products must provide at least one mode that allows access to all functionality of the product:
- A – Without Vision
- B – With Limited Vision
- C – With Color Deficits
- D – Without Hearing
- E – With Limited Hearing
- G – Without Speech
- H – With Limited Reach, Manipulation
- I – Without Physical Contact
- J – With Cognitive, Language, or Learning Limitations
Subpart C: Technical Provisions
- General Technical Requirements
- Requirements for Hardware Aspects of Products
- Requirements for User Interface and Electronic Content
- Additional Requirements for Audio-Visual Players or Displays
- Requirements for Audio and/or Video Content
- Additional Requirements for Real-Time Voice Conversation Functionality
- Additional Requirements for Authoring Tools
Subpart D: Support and Implementation
|TEITAC Recommendations||Section 508 Source|
|1||General Technical Requirements|
|1-B||Biometric ID||1194.25(d), 1194.26(c)|
|2||Requirements for Hardware Aspects of Products|
|2.1||All Products with Hardware|
|2.1-A||Reflectance Contrast for Legends and Passive Displays||1194.21(j), 1194.25(h)|
|2.1-B||Flashing||1194.21(i), 1194.25(j), 1194.25(k)|
|2.1-C||Mechanical Controls||1194.23(k), 1194.26(a)|
|2.1-D||Touch Operated Controls||1194.25(c), 1194.26(b)|
|2.1-E||Standard User Interface Connection||1194.26(d)|
|2.1-F||Installed or Free-Standing Products||1194.25(j)|
|2.2||If the Product has Speech Output or Throughput|
|2.2-B||Interference with Hearing Device||1194.23(i)|
|3||Requirements for User Interface and Electronic Content|
|3-A||Color||1194.21(i), 1194.22(c), 1194.25(h)|
|3-C||Size, Shape, Location|
|3-H||Language of Parts|
|3-J||Flashing (Content and User Interfaces)||1194.21(k), 1194.22(j), 1194.25(i)|
|3-O||Information and Relationships||1194.22(g), 1194.22(h), 1194.22 (i), 1194.22(n), 1194.22(o), 1194.21(l)|
|3-P||User Interface Components||1194.21(l), 1194.22(l), 1194.22(n)|
|3-Q||Disruption of Access Features||1194.21(b)|
|3-R||Timing||1194.22(p), 1194.23(d), 1194.25(b)|
|3-S||Keyboard Operation||1194.21(a), 1194.21(e), 1194.21(f), 1194.21(k), 1194.21(l), 1194.21(m)|
|3-SS||Visual Indication of Keyboard Shortcuts|
|3-U||AT Interoperability||1194.21(d), 1194.21(c), 1194.21(f), 1194.21(m)|
|3-X||Labels or Instructions|
|3-BB||Headings and Labels|
|4||Additional Requirements for Audio-Visual Players or Displays|
|4-B||Supplemental Audio Process||1194.24(b)|
|4-C||Access to Caption and Video Controls|
|5||Requirements for Audio and/or Video Content|
|5-A||Captions and Transcripts||1194.24(c)|
|5-C||Interactive Elements||1194.24(d), 1194.22(b)|
|6||Additional Requirements for Real-Time Voice Conversation Functionality|
|6-A||Real-Time Text Reliability and Interoperability||1194.23(b)|
|6-B||Voice Terminal Hardware and Software||1194.23(a)|
|6-C||IVR, Auto-Attendant and Messaging||1194.23(c)|
|6-D||Caller and Status Information|
|6-F||Audio Clarity for Interconnected VoIP|
|6-G||External Alerting Devices|
|7||Additional Requirements for Authoring Tools|
|7-B||Preserve Accessibility Information|
|1||Information, Documentation & Support|
|1.1||Product Documentation and Help|
|1.1-A||Accessible Documentation and Features||1194.41(a), 1194.41(b)|
|1.2||Support and E&IT Related Services|
|2||Implementation, Operation, and Maintenance|
|2-A||Relay Services Accessibility|
© 2008 Telecommunications and Electronic and Information Technology Advisory Committee. All rights reserved. Used with permission.